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Preventing Heart Disease

In the Unites States, more men and women die from coronary heart disease than any other condition. Heart disease typically begins with atherosclerosis, a condition in which the coronary arteries harden from a buildup of plaque. When cholesterol builds up in the coronary arteries, which carry oxygen to the heart, it hardens and forms layers of plaque. Over time, pieces of plaque may break apart, which can cause blood clots. These clots can block the blood vessels and prevent oxygen from reaching the heart, which can cause a heart attack. Similarly, clots that block vessels that supply blood to the brain can cause stroke. Plaque that builds up in or blocks vessels leading to the arms, hands, legs or feet can cause peripheral vascular disease.

Heart Disease Risk Factors

  • One or more of the following risk factors may contribute to the development of heart and vascular disease:
  • High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Excess weight and obesity
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Stress
  • Family history of heart disease (your risk is higher if members of your family have heart disease)
  • Increasing age (aging causes changes in the heart and blood vessels)

To find out if you have one or more risk factors for heart disease, take our questionnaire now.

Preventing Heart Disease

The best way to prevent heart disease is to live a healthy lifestyle:

  • Eat a diet low in fat, salt and sugar and high in fiber, whole grains and omega-3 fatty acids
  • Control your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Get regular exercise
  • Lose weight if you’re overweight or obese
  • Manage stress
  • Quit smoking
  • See your doctor on a regular basis to map an effective course of preventative activities

If you are at risk for heart disease and want to take control of your heart health before it’s too late, schedule an appointment with our cardiac specialist in Aventura, Florida. Call South Florida Institute for Wellness and Health at (305) 935-5101 or request an appointment online.

South Florida Institute for Wellness & Health, LLC

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